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Yemen: new president and old crises.


February 23, 2012

After 33 years of the reign of Ali Abdullah Saleh, the Yemeni went to the polls to elect the only compromise candidate Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi who was the Vice-president Ali Abdullah Saleh, The participation rate was about 60%, equivalent to six million and 186 thousand and 773 votes of nearly 12 million voters, despite the boycott calls from the Southern Movement and the Houthis. Thus Hadi became the new president after the outbreak of the revolution of reform which results the success of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in reaching a solution requires Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down and the election of his vice after he was in his post as a responsible without responsibilities. The election of Hadi is not the end of the crisis, but the beginning of a multiple crises will face the new president, and most of them inherited from the previous regime. These crises are: 1 - the departure of Ali Abdullah Saleh does not mean the departure of his co-assistant in the authority, these are still in their positions of leadership and it`s not known yet if they would allow the new leader to renew the state structures or they will continue to receive orders from former President despite the fact that the new president is the son of the former regime. And will the opposition accept any continuation of the former regime or it will move again to the street? 2 - At the begin of preparations for the election of President Hadi, the voices of the Southern Movement raised again which query of the continuation of unified Yemen and calling for the separation from the north and return to establish an independent state. The leaders of the Southern Movement have declared a truce during the revolution on Ali Abdullah Saleh until they step him down then they would return again to demand for separation. It has been observed clearly their influence in participating over the election reaching 50% in Aden, and between 30 and 40% in the rest of the South region. 3 - Houthis adopt to freeze their demands during the Revolution, but starting with the preparations for the elections they came back to the front their movements of anti-authority under the slogan of demanding an essential role in the structure of the new state on the basis that they considered themselves marginalized, and their areas don`t have the minimum of development and vital projects. Their influence in the elections seemed by the results of the elections, where their participation in Saada was about 50%, and the ratio was less in the other villages in Saada controlled by Houthis. Which mean that they consider themselves not interested in the measures of power transfer and its results. 4 – After the election of President Hadi he took the initiative to call the international community to provide emergency aid to Yemen to ensure the needs of the people of essential raw materials, especially fuel and food and medicine, which reflecting the size of the living crisis in Yemen without ignoring the social crisis where poverty, unemployment and lack of modern and sophisticated infrastructure. 5 - Qaeda occupies an important position on the map of Yemen, especially that it benefited from the blow up of the revolution and the preoccupation of security forces in the internal conflicts to expand in more than one area where its elements occupied the city of Rada and announced the birth of an Islamic emirate in preparation to extend its influence over the whole territory of Yemen. This was done with Arab and international silence where not one moved to do something, exception the tribes of Yemen, which has entered into negotiations with al-Qaeda and persuaded them to abandon the city of Rada after the approval of their conditions, which refuses the return of the legitimate authority to the city and to give it to neutral people to manage its affairs. Once al-Qaeda pulled out of Rada, they announced its control of the city of Abyan after a few days. Although the new president promised to eliminate Al-Qaeda in Yemen, but didn`t make any mention of any plan for this regard. 6 - Yemeni army is suffering from a large tear where there is pro group to the former regime and other pro to the opposition and it has been clashes and wars between them. And ultimately, what awaits the new president will be hard, complicated and difficult to solve in the near term, and this is what justifies questions about the ability of the new system to front the crises, and the ability of the opposition to accept the facto before returning to the street.



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