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The Arab Summit in Baghdad face the challenges beyond its power

March 05, 2012

Baghdad welcomes this month the Arab summit, where most of the countries have confirmed their intention to participate after receiving security assurances from the Iraqi authorities, who are still suffering from waves of terrorism that pervades the streets of Iraqi cities and harvest the dead and wounded innocent, and the Iraqi government suffers from breaking and incompatibility in its multi-band components. This summit comes as an indispensable need for the Iraqi authorities in order to show the world its ability to maintain the general situations, and how they can overcome the crisis after the departure of U.S. forces last December. But the question is about the ability of the Arab summit to control the direction of the different Arab crises, although there are those who will attend the summit for the first time, as Head of the State, such as Tunisia, Libya , Yemen and Egypt, and even there are those who will be absent like the Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad, who hasn`t been invited to the summit, then the summit didn`t fail before until it begins to be aware of the possibility of an apology from many Arab leaders, if al-Assad led the delegation of his country. The Syrian crisis would not be the only issue raised on the agenda of the summit people, but there is the situation in Libya, where the threat of secession is always a result of disagreement between the War chief and conflicts also between tribes and clans… there is also the Tunisian crisis which laic people have found themselves outside of any representation of power even though whom are the ones who paid for the first change. There is also Yemen and what was said, that the opposition parties are not persuaded of the new president, that their crisis should be added to Southern movement, the demand for secession... there is Egypt and what it has like sectarian conflict and confrontation between the opposition parties and soldiers in light of the aggravation of the economic situation to some degree of the risk of bankruptcy of the state, if they do not receive urgent aid. In addition to the crises of these countries, there is the structural crisis of the Arab League itself, which has no active role in the change which took place in the Arab world, and which found itself obliged under its weakness to ask for help the Nation United States and the Security Council, where Western capitals often precede it by announcing the positions, which in turn repeats what has been announced. The Arab League meets in Baghdad without armies to resolve conflicts, nor money to help, neither efficient management to ensure the communication and contact, nor devices for transferring media points of view, nor capacity for implementing of previous decisions and which will be taken today, so we think that the Secretary General of the Arab League is as a manager in any official sector which is responsible of the external things of the Summit and not the essential. And if we overcome all these facts, the question about the ability of Arabs to understand the priorities of the crises that threaten them still remains, until a meeting has not happened unless the conflict was the master of the situation, and when the League issued a statement, parts of the League refuse it, keeps it, or criticize it or doesn`t consider itself linking to it. What will do the Arab summit with the division which happened between the major powers regarding the Arab world, and does it going to support China and Russia, or America and Europe? And do the Arab countries may support the consequences of prejudice of this camp or the other? Of course, the answer is more difficult than the question. Accordingly, the summit will be held to approve the declaration which was prepared ahead, and shall terminate before its ink was dry because the effective agenda of the Arab countries is located somewhere else than Baghdad.




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