The Europeans don’t hide their fear that "political Islam" maintains power in several European countries, that's why they follow closely the developments in Egypt and the internal confrontation between the president declared Mohammad Morsi and supporters on one hand, and the reactive current confrontation on several levels and between liberal forces and the opposition suggested to react against his last.
The Egyptian interactions come after less than a month after the signing of the Egypt and the European Union on the most ambitious plans of European regional cooperation with the Arab States, November 13 through the implementation of joint action plan in the presence of a number of European officials and support Egypt economically, financially and politically, including through the empowerment of Egypt by financial allocations international monetary institutions such as International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, which is what matters most in Egypt at this stage.
The European Union has bet despite the presence of a discrepancy between the position and orientation led by the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt to transform his experience in dealing with the new Egyptian authorities as a model for dealing with the Arab countries later and in particular the countries that have undergone a change since 2011.
But the difficulty of the situation in Egypt and the complexities drop internal developments and the intensification of the confrontation between the government of Morsi, the judicial institutions and opposition parties put the EU in a difficult position.
It seems that a real conflict happens in Brussels, on one hand between the different European institutions (Parliament, the Council and the Ministry of External Action Service) and secondly, among the Member States to determine the position also and the mechanism that operates with the Egyptian government.
The head of the foreign policy of the European Union, Catherine Ashton and European foreign section are committed to a kind of reservation in clear view of the developments in Egypt. But other forces push towards strengthening policy in the first step before using any coercive measures.
The President of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the European Parliament, Elmar Brok was first launched direct threats to Egypt to cut off aid from the European Union to Egypt when hooking President Morsi its procedures.
Brock said in a speech on Tuesday 27th November, 2012: "If Morsi chose dictatorship, we give him less money and less help. This is what we have to clarify for him now. ".
In turn, Forstad Guy, president of the liberal group in Parliament launched criticism against Morsi’s regime last week when he called in a statement to the need to take measures to stop its repeated offenses for understanding policy Egypt.
And finally, in 2 December 2012, in a radical and not recognized until now, the request of the President of the European Parliament, German Martin Schulz, the EU pressure on Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi to avoid the monopoly of the Muslim Brotherhood in power.
Schulz said, "the EU must be clear, no doubt, there will be no cooperation or political or economic, without a multiparty democracy.”
He considered that economic pressure is the only language understood by a regime like that, adding that Europe cannot "bless" to monopolize the Muslim Brotherhood to power in Egypt.
He believed that the Muslim Brotherhood group to which belongs Morsi, seeks to exploit religious sentiments for political affairs.
It seems that the European rigor comes from several factors, including:
- Try to guide clear messages to countries like Tunisia, which also undergoes a mobility policy and risks of the uniqueness of Islamists in power today, in a climate of social upheaval, political restriction and conflict between the Tunisian government and the presidential palace.
- Several European countries as Germany want to be sure that European aid provided to Arab countries do not benefit from radical currents and codify the fact that they also serve the European positions in the Middle East at a time when the Europe started with a clear line, and this is what was shown in the last vote of the status of non-member observer for Palestine in the United Nations General Assembly on 29 November.
Many analysts believe that even if the President Morsi stressed its position to adopt a new constitution and a difficult treatment with his opponents, he will offer concessions to the European side at the end of the situation because of the monetary, economic difficult for his country.
But the only fear in Brussels is that the proponents of Morsi shows the position as a European survey of the Egyptian opposition through intimidation of the West, and it is a reading that may be required in cases where the Europe made internal bidding against the Egyptian government.