The deputy Tamam Salam was charged to form a new government in Lebanon after the resignation of the government of Najib Mikati. Tammam Salam had received the support of the majority of the parliamentary groups, including the opposition, the Shiite movement Hezbollah and its allies as well as Walid Jumblatt, Druze leader whose "centrist" position gives a lot of weight.
Tamam Salam announced that he doesn’t apply for a parliamentary seat to avoid being accused of abusing his position. Similarly, it does not guarantee the ministers who will present themselves as candidates in the forthcoming elections. Knowing that today, it’s difficult to predict if the Lebanese are able to develop an electoral draft law that meets all.
From here we see that the mission of Tamam Salam in the formation of the government is not an easy thing because of the depth of the conflict between the two principal parts of conflict in Lebanon, which revolve around the following:
- The March 14 alliance wants a neutral government where the Lebanese parties’ don’t participate while other forces want a national unity government.
- The March 8 alliance and its allies want to copy the ministerial declaration of the previous governments for Lebanon's accession to "the army, people and resistance", while the March 14 alliance has no justification of the existence of weapons of the resistance.
- The 14 and March 8 Alliances supports the political neutrality of the Lebanese State for the conduct of the Syrian crisis, but each of these two forces have close ties with the Syrian crisis alliance which the March 8 alliance supports the Syrian regime and the March 14 alliance supports the Syrian opposition.
- There is the Iranian nuclear crisis, which is a point of discord between the regional and international powers, and among the Lebanese.
- There are international agreements, where Lebanese are with the United States and its allies and others with Russia and its allies.
- There is a lack of how to distribute quotas ministerial posts
These obstacles confirm that Tammam Salam’s mission will not be easy because it looks like Lebanon goes to a crisis where there will be two leaders, Najib Mikati to head a transitional government, and the second by Tammam Salam as head of government chosen by consensus.
It is clear that Lebanon cannot only overcome the crisis if it not receives regional or international care by active parties because the latest developments in Lebanon proved that the Lebanese are unable to manage their own administration of the country because they were unable to reach an agreement as to who will come in place of the outgoing Prime Minister, Najib Mikati only through Saudi Arabia, which has reduced the distance between the parties.
Similarly, other regional and international powers taken action to reduce the distances between the conflicting parties, but the question remains the same: until when? And is that the fate of Lebanon is attached to the fate of what is happening in Syria?