The Iranian people has elected Sheikh Hassan Rohani, head of the Islamic Republic of Iran after President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad during the first session ,contrary to all local or western expectations whitin the support of Arab , Muslim, European and american leaders .
The votes that Sheikh Rohani obtained were from the extremists, reformists and independents, but Sheikh Rohani is not related to any party without the other, however, this was the result of a settlement wanted by people and not the political forces nor categorical movements.
It is certain that functions entrusted to the Rohani are very large and complex because of the heaviness of the legacy that he inherited from his predecessor, Nejad starting from deteriorating internal economic situation, passing through the tense regional relations, and the international relations which are almost broken.
If it was too early to anticipate the actual steps that will be conducted by Rohani upon receiving his constitutional functions of presidency, it is possible to draw outline of his policy through the press conference in which he talked about all the files without exception.
Sheikh Rohani will give priority to the file of the internal economic after the decline of the value and the rising of materials prices and the increase of unemployment rate so that the salary of an employee is not equal to a tenth of significant inflation in the prices of materials and living life Needs.
The second file will be with neighboring countries and especially with Saudi Arabia which is the first concern on the Exterior level because the relationship between Riyadh and Tehran have been in its worst within the mandates of President Ahmadinejad, unlike what it was during the mandate of Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mohammad Khatami's mandate.
Iran knows that no regional security can be settled without consulting Saudi Arabia , as it can not cross to the Arab world without passing through the gate of Saudi Arabia at first.
Afterwards, Rohani would provide special attention to the nuclear file after he promised that will be on the side when dealing with the West about this file confirming that he would not abandon uranium enrichment whatever its degree was, because this issue according to the opinion of all observers is usually a strategic interest of National Security departments of Iran, not the presidency departments.
Later on, the process of searching for normalization of new relations between United States and Europe will take place and may last all the years of Rohani’s governance without the realization of any progress because the dispute is a disagreement related to approach, confidence, influence each party, force points , and also sharing rations starting from Pakistan, Afghanistan to South Lebanon and countries located between these geographical zones such as Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Bahrain and Kuwait.
As for the future of the relationship between Tehran and Hezbollah, Sheikh Rohani did not address this issue so as not to encroach on the powers of the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
When asked about Syria, he has repeated the same opinion likely to decision-making departments in Iran stating that this issue is related to the Syrian people and none of the parties has the right to impose neither any position nor a decision.
In other words, we can say that Sheikh Rohani is a moderate character as he would be half radical with the West and half reformer with Arabs .This does not mean that his orientations would interfere with Mr. Khamenei, who will give a margin of freedom of movement as he has already done with President Mohammad Khatami. This refutes the theory of those who say that Rohani’s victory was a defeat for Mr. Khamenei.