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A new revolution in Egypt

July 09, 2013

Saudi Arabia, followed by UAE and Jordan, was the first on the regional and international level to congratulate Egypt for the change which has occurred and the transition to a new stage hoping it will be better than its previous one, and that the Egyptian people will realize the purpose for which they have made a second revolution in two years.

On 25 June 2012, the first revolution broke out and overthrew the regime of President Hosni Mubarak in February, the militants have managed the affairs of state until the election of President Mohammed Morsi in June 2012, and Egypt has passed a new phase of the democratic process.

But it seems that the "Muslim Brotherhood” movement which succeeded to make one of its leaders a president and which was hungry for power for over 80 years, did not realize that it may not be the only to govern by revoking the role of national movements, liberals and civil society organizations, which have played a crucial role in the outbreak of the first revolution, and its inability to marginalize the role of the army which was and remains always the warranty of the country’s unity.

Muslim brotherhoods thought their coordination with their counterparts in Tunisia through the "Movement of the Renaissance," the "Hamas "movement in Gaza, and with various Salafistes groups in  Libya and " Justice and development " party in Turkey will enable them to form a regional center financially supported by some Arab countries ,politically by some Western countries and popularly by some religious scholars who lead  political movements and associations ,they can therefore start implementing their project under the title of the establishment of a "moderate Islamist regime" as a prelude able to spread in more than one country in the world.

But the exercise of authority is not only the creation of alliances and slogans; it is a hard and continuous work to achieve hopes, ambitions and wishes of people. President Morsi did not realize this and committed many mistakes, including:

- his concern to tame the military and making them under his authority by preventing them to defend themselves against attackers  likely to what happened in Sinai by fundamentalist militant organizations.
-impose constitutional amendments to Egyptians which some sections are inconsistent with the practice of democracy.
- Use the potentials of the state to serve the "Muslim Brotherhood" during the elections.
- Deal with irresponsibility with the water issue in Ethiopia.

- break off diplomatic relations with the Syrian regime knowing that these relations are originally built between states not regimes.

-Offer the leaders of “Muslim Brotherhood” the most important positions in the state.

No progress has been achieved to terminate the suffering of Egyptians at the economic, social, and educational and health levels taking into account that, during the mandate of Morsi, growth has decreased from 5 to 2%, the budget deficit has reached 11% and the public debt is about 235 billion. He did not even find a solution for 25% of Egyptian people living below the poverty line. Unemployment has increased from 9 to 14% ,  He did not deal also with the issue of the construction of schools and hospitals in rural areas. The tourism sector, despite its importance on the production level, remains deactivated, as well for agriculture and industry. During the mandate of Morsi, people use to stand up in lines for long hours to get gas for their cars.

For these reasons, millions of Egyptians went down to the streets seeking the departure of Morsi, it is a revolution on the revolution which surely have its impact on the revolutions of the "Arab Spring" currently suffering  like Egypt especially Tunisia and Libya.

What is strange is that President Morsi, and until the last few hours, refused to show any concession and threatened to use force and the help of  his followers to suppress the protesters, which prompted military to take the initiative, they revoked Morsi ,suspended the constitution and handed  over power to the President of the Constitutional Court  the advisor Adli Mansour to manage the affairs of the state assisted by a transitional council ,while waiting for the amendment of the constitution and a new parliamentary and presidential elections.

Thus, Egypt opens onto a new phase which seems to be difficult because of the problems inside the country and the reaction of the "Muslim Brotherhood” that perhaps will be violent and bloodshed.




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