The EU decided Monday 22/7/2013 to include the military wing of Hezbollah on the list of terrorist organizations while ensuring the will to continue to dialogue with political leaders.
It is known that it is impossible to distinguish between its military wing and its political wing, as most of the leaders of Hezbollah have a dual responsibility, military and political.
Lebanese media broadcast a speech by deputy party secretary general, Sheikh Naim Kassem on May 24 where he said: "It is not hidden and we are proud, all our positions are with the resistance and we has not a military wing and another political, the Europeans have tried to imitate Britain which distinguished between political and military wing in order to have relationship with us. They delude people they communicate with politicians, not the military, they have forgotten that the child in us is a politician and military at the same time”.
This decision was confirmed by several leaders of Hezbollah.
Following the decision, the EU Ambassador in Beirut, Angelina Eichhorst stopped her vacation and visited several Lebanese officials and party leaders including the international relations official of Hezbollah "Ammar el Moussawi" and the Minister "Mohammad Fneich”. She confirmed during this visit that the military wing of Hezbollah is under to the decision and that European countries will communicate with ministers representing Hezbollah in any government.
This decision was praised by the United States and Tel Aviv, which considered it a victory for their diplomacy, while Tehran has strongly condemned the decision.
As to the internal level, the Lebanese were divided into three groups:
• Group representing Hezbollah and its March 8 allies who consider this decision aggressive and unfair, without any justification and not based on any evidence. It seems that this decision was written by the United States with Israeli ink and European ratification.
• The March 14 coalition has estimated that this decision is a natural reaction to Hezbollah practices inside and outside Lebanon.
• The power represented by the President of the Republic Michel Sleiman, the parliament Chief Nabih Berri, the Prime Minister-designate Tammam Salam and outgoing Prime Minister Najib Mikati and Foreign Minister Adnan Mansour, they called on the EU to reconsider decision due to its negative impact on Lebanon.
It seems that the EU has succeeded after years of discussions to take the decision but it is difficult to apply its mechanisms, several questions are asked and it is early to answer, namely:
- How can the EU distinguish between political and military leaders of Hezbollah?
- What is the fate of the security coordination meetings taking place from time to time between some EU ambassadors in Beirut and Hezbollah security officials?
- What is the fate of safety meetings taking place in southern Lebanon between interims forces of the countries of European Union and the military leaders of Hezbollah?
-Will Hezbollah continue to offer guarantees already provided to UNIFIL soldiers to participate in the peacekeeping force in the south?
- How can the international force in southern distinguish between Israel and resistance as the European Union considers the resistance as a terrorist organization?
- How to behave with one of the deputies of Hezbollah if he wanted to visit Europe?
- How to Treat a Hezbollah minister if he was among an official delegation from Lebanon during a work visit to a European country?
-What is the position of the European Union if Israel is waging a war against the resistance as a terrorist organization?
-What if Hezbollah decides to break off all communication with the countries of the European Union?
-What if the Southerners begin to disturb the UN forces?
These issues have prompted political observers to predict what the EU will do by taking this decision without taking into account the applicable mechanisms knowing its impact on Lebanon.
The Lebanese official authorities attach great importance to this issue, for this reason, the Foreign Minister Adnan Mansour delivered to the EU Ambassador to Lebanon a note revealing "the Lebanese concern."
It should be noted that a few days before taking the European decision, Lebanon had begun to mobilize to prevent the inclusion of Hezbollah on the terrorist list of the EU, but such mobilization came too late.
Anyway, Lebanon has entered a new phase of a series of political tension where the internal division between the Lebanese parties will expand, they are not able neither to organize a meeting of the Chamber of Representatives, to form a new government, to control the security situation, to protect Lebanon from the implications of the Syrian crisis nor to deal with more than one million Syrian refugees in Lebanon.