Saudi Arabia has refused to join the Security Council of the United Nations as a non-permanent member, to protest against the "failure" of the Council particularly against the Palestinian issue and the Syrian crisis and making the Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction.
The Saudi kingdom was elected Thursday, 10/17/2013 for the first time, as non permanent member of the Security Council of the UN, along with Chad, Chile, Nigeria and Lithuania. Their two-year term will begin on January 1st 2014.
Despite the fact that Saudi Arabia has won 176 votes of 193 member states of the votes, but it does not take long before refusing to become a member of Security Council and the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement that the reasons for refusal are:
1-Saudi Arabia tried over several years to establish reforms in the structure of the Security Council in particular and that of the UN in general, but no serious cooperation has been made by the permanent members.
2- The Palestinian question remains for 60 years without regulations from the Security Council.
3-The Council has failed to rid the Middle East of mass destruction weapons and the kingdom has not received any serious effort in this regard.
4-The Security Council deliberately follows a dual policy where certain issues are treated with care and the others are ignored as required by the interests of the great powers.
5 - Council has not shown seriousness when dealing with the Syrian issue.
In addition, several issues remain of great importance without any attention from the officials concerned to the extent that any resolution of the Security Council is the result of a regulation between the permanent members according to private interests and benefits.
If circumstances after the Second World War had made five countries responsible for the resolutions of the United Nations and the entire world politics, however, these conditions are not currently present due to globalization and overlapping interests and integrating between the West and the East.
Even the fact to differentiate between developing countries and other developed is outdated because now everybody is involved in the production of goods or achievement of scientific progress.
What confirms this is the presence of regional and international blocks where several member countries belong to several blocks and many countries are unable to get a distinct international status at the financial, industrial, agricultural or commercial levels, except in the case of integration with other countries.
Deciding alone the international policy is a kind of tendency to control and dominate and to submit other whereas that logic is that political integration is similar to the financial and economic based on partnership in the management and the implementation of decisions in order to serve all mankind and not a group of great powers or small countries.
The fact that Saudi Arabia has refused to be a non-permanent member in the Security Council does not mean it is out of the international legitimacy , nor rebelling against the structures and organizations of the United Nations , but shows its refusal to be a false witness during two crucial years , in regard to several issues subject to hidden negotiations, where the Security Council is not aware of until they are ready to vote , however, the vote of a non-member country is only a number to add and its refusal is worthless.