Two years after the independence of South Sudan, tribal war broke out, it is likely that this war will last for years and lead to a new partition if the international community does not act quickly to rectify the situation worsening on a daily basis.
The conflict is between forces belonging to President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir, the tribe, "Dinka" and troops belonging to former Vice-President Riek Machar, belonging to the tribe, "Nuer" the battles have resulted more than 500 dead and wounded and thousands displaced.
Kiir accused his deputy that he aims to make a military coup against him, he resigned him last July, Machar denied this, accusing Kiir of lying to be the only in power.
The battle spread, starting from the capital Juba, the two sides have conducted violent battles around the city of Bor, in the north of Juba, which was the scene of a massacre committed in 1991 against the Dinka tribe by soldiers loyal to Machar.
The battle led to greater instability in the fragile region of Africa and has impeded efforts to create effective institutions.
A team of mediators sent by the African Union based in Addis Ababa reached Juba for discussions. An Ethiopian official said that the team members are Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. This is the first major initiative to bring peace since the fighting began.
In Washington, U.S. President issued a statement saying that the conflict threatens to derail the progress made by the country since its independence.
Obama added, we have to stop statements inciting to war and targeted violence. It is necessary that all parties listen to the advice of neighbors and establish a dialogue and immediate action to restore calm and support reconciliation. "
The battles in Southern Sudan have other goals, each country seeks to dominate the resources of the other, and south Sudan has the third largest oil reserves in sub-Saharan Africa after Angola and Nigeria according to data from BP Plc.
Oil production of about 245,000 barrels per day represents the bulk of state revenues. Oil fields are managed by three oil companies namely China National Petroleum Corporation, the company ONGC Videsh of India and Petronas of Malaysia.
South Sudan also has a variety of mineral wealth and vast farmland and stocks aqueous bumper. This is what makes South Sudan at the center of a large number of countries wishing to invest, especially as South Sudan needs large investments in infrastructure, which is still semi-primitive.
There are concerns that fighting spreads of South Sudan to neighboring countries, backgrounds and ethnic tribal conflicts, and there are fears that Khartoum loses its share of oil revenues which have been agreed upon during the separation of South Sudan from Sudan.
If fighting continues this way, it is likely to lead to a partition of the country, especially as each party tries to dominate the oil regions because they provide opportunities that allow them to cover the costs of war if it lasts long.