The 34th Summit of member countries of Gulf Cooperation Council was opened on 10 and 11/12/2013 in Kuwait. This summit drew a roadmap identifying the general framework of the future directions in mutual relations and also has a unified strategic vision regarding important regional and international issues.
Some bet on the disintegration of the Gulf union because of the opposition of Oman to the Saudi Arabian proposal to create a union of Gulf countries, it has threatened to withdraw from the union of the Gulf Cooperation Council in case of an approval on the union. But it was not late than the bets dropped after becoming aware of the great approval that ruled during the discussions of the summit, especially that what Saudi Arabia has proposed is not a " supervision project " as some reported, but just a proposal to complete previous discussions on the same subject in 2011, it is certainly an expression of ambition of the Gulf not only Saudi Arabia, the fact that every unavoidable evolution of all regional bloc should move from cooperation stage to union stage .
In this respect, parties have agreed to continue negotiations and proposals on the mechanisms of this union which it is provided that some articles will be reformulated in the future. The leaders also discussed other important topics such as the Customs Union, single currency, trade, security and fight against terrorism, human rights and a railway draft, the environment, the education and health.
The summit of the Gulf Cooperation Council recognized at the end the establishment of a "unified military command" and entrusted the Joint Defense Board to take the necessary procedures to begin to activate it as claimed specialized studies.
Where as to regional and international attitudes, the summit has confirmed a broad consensus among leaders which the opposite of what was expected in the last week, they expected aa gap between the countries of Gulf Cooperation Council regarding the Iranian nuclear, the Syrian issue and others.
What clearly shows this consensus are leaders negotiations on the Iranian nuclear issue at the end of the summit, they greeted the agreement between Iran and the 5 +1 countries, inviting them to execute this Agreement in order to accurately eliminate elements of tension in the region and regain lost confidence with Iran and the international community. This will strengthen security and stability, and help as well to strengthen cooperative relations between the GCC and Iran on the basis of good neighborliness and non-interference in internal affairs and respect for the sovereignty of countries in the region.
Other proof of consensus is the Syrian case, is that the leaders called for the withdrawal of "all foreign forces" in Syria, emphasizing the need that pillars of the Syrian regime will have no role in the future of Syria. The leaders affirmed their support "for the decision of the National Coalition for revolution forces and the Syrian opposition as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people to participate in the Geneva 2 conference which leads to the formation of a transitional government in Syria with full executive powers, according to a statement from Geneva 1.
The leaders condemned the acts committed by the Syrian regime against Syrian people and called to ensure the entry of humanitarian aid to the Syrian people and the rejection of "politicization" of the humanitarian cause in Syria by the Syrian regime. As for Egypt, leaders affirmed their support for the Egyptian people and their choice of democracy and support the Egyptian economy to regain its leading role in Egypt on Arab and regional levels.
As for the Palestinian issue, the leaders welcomed the efforts of the United States to support the process of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations leading to an independent Palestinian state with l Jerusalem as a capital; Israeli measures that perpetuate the blockade on Palestinians and deepen their suffering were likewise denied.
Consensus has welcomed the final declaration calling Saudi Arabia for the necessity of reforming the Security Council to strengthen its role in the resolution of problems at the international level.
The GCC countries have expressed their unified strategies, although there were some differences in the details, but this did not reach the point of disagreement.